THE HUXLEY FILE: Bibliography 3

[To find a publication by name, please use
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This list comprises works about Huxley published after 1900.

Abbott, David. Huxley, Thomas Henry. The Biographical Dictionary of Scientists: Biologists.N. Y. 1984.

Adam, L. A Huxley Echo in "Middlemarch." Notes and Queries 209 (1964): 227.

Adams, James Eli. Woman Red in Tooth and Claw: Nature and the Feminine in Tennyson and Darwin. Victorian Studies 33 (1989): 7-27.

Adams, R. N. T. H. Huxley and His Clan. Scientific American 219 (1968): 135-39.

Ainsworth-Davis. J. R. Thomas H. Huxley. London 1907.

Allen, D. E. The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History. London 1978.

  –   Huxley's Botanist Brother-in-Law. Annals of Natural History 11 (1983): 191-93.

Altholz, Josef L. The Huxley-Wilberforce Debate Revisited. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 35 (1980): 313-16.

Ames, Robert and Philip Siegelman, eds. The Idea of Evolution: Readings in Evolutionary Theory and Its Influence. Minneapolis 1957.

Annan, Noel. Thomas Henry Huxley. Times Educational Supplement 2086 (May 13, 1955): 476.

Anon. Apes and Bishops. Scientific American 190 (March 1954): 52.

Anon. High Victorian Science: The Recipes for Survival of Three Scientific Cinderellas. Times Literary Supplement 71 (Nov. 3, 1972): 1301-02.

Anon. Huxley Centenary Celebrations, by an Unscientific Observer. Phoenix 10 (1925):130-32.

Anon. Huxley and Natural Selection. Scientific American Supplement 59 (April 29, 1905): 2451--16. ???

Anon. Professor Huxley on Evolution. Science 207 (1980) 750 15 ?

Anon. Thomas Huxley and the Victorian Mind. 120 (May 1925): 509-10.

Armstrong, A. MacC. Samuel Wilberforce v. T. H. Huxley: A Retrospect. The Quarterly Review 296 (1958): 426-37.

Armstrong, H. E. Huxley's Message in Education. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature (1925): 743-47.

  –   Our Need to Honour Huxley's Will. London 1914.

  –   Pre-Kensington History of the Royal College of Science and the University Problem. London 1921.

Armstrong, Richard A. Agnosticism and Theism in the Nineteenth Century  –   An Historical Survey of Religious Thought. London 1905.

Armytage, W. Matthew Arnold and T. H. Huxley: Some New Letters, 1870-1880. Review English Studies (1953): 346-53.

Ashforth, Albert. Spokesman for Darwin and for Science. New York Times Magazine (April 7, 1963): 63, 74, 76.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. N. Y. 1969.

Ashwell A. R. and Reginald G. Wilberforce. Life of the Right Reverend Samuel Wilberforce, D. D. 3 vols. London 1881.

Averbury, John Lubbock. Huxley's Life and Work. Nature 63 (1900):92-96, 116-19.

Ayres, Clarence. Huxley. N. Y. 1932.

Baker, William J. Thomas Huxley in Tennessee. The South Atlantic Quarterly 73 ( 1974): 475-86.

Band, Henretta Trent. Thomas Henry Huxley's Opposition to Evolutionary Ethics. Michigan Academician. 23:4 (1991): 345-67.

Barbar, Lynn. The Heyday of Natural History . N. Y. 1980.

Barnes, B., and S.Shapin, eds, Natural Order: Historical Studies of Scientific Culture (Sage, 1979).

Barr, Alan P. Evolutionary Science and the Woman Question. Victorian Literature and Culture 20 (1992):25-54.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters. Centenary Essays. Univ. of Georgia Press, 1997.

  –   "Common Sense Clarified": Thomas Henry Huxley’s Faith in Truth, in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Bartholomew, Michael. Huxley's Defence of Darwin. Annals of Science 32 (Nov. 1975): 525-35.

  –   The Non-Progress of Non-Progression: Two Responses to Lyell's Doctrine. British Journal of the History of Science 9 (1976): 166-74.

Barrett, M. H. M. S. Rattlesnake's Australia-New Guinea Cruise, 1846 to 1850. Melbourne 1966.

Barton, Ruth. The X Club: Science, Religion, and Social Change in Victorian England. Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania 1976.

  –   John Tyndall, Pantheist: A Rereading of the Belfast Address. Osiris, 2d series, 3 (1987): 111-34.

  –   "An Influential Set of Chaps": The X Club and Royal Society Politics 1964-85. British Journal for the History of Science 23 (1990): 53-81

Barton, R., 'Scientific Opposition to Technical Education', in M. D. Stephens and G. W. Roderick eds, Scientific and Technical Education in Early Industrial Britain (University of Nottingham1981): 13-27.

  –   Evolution: The Whitworth Gun in Huxley's War for the Liberation of Science from Theology. In D. R. Oldroyd and L. Langham, eds. The Wider Domain of Evolutionary Thought. Dondrecht 1983.

  –   "Huxley, Lubbock, and Half a Dozen Others" Professionals and Gentlemen in the Formation of the X Club, 1851-1864. Isis 1998 . 410-44.

Bassett, Marnie. Behind the Picture: H.M.S. Rattlesnake's Australia-New Cuinea Cruise. Melbourne 1966.

Bateson, W. Huxley and Evolution. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature (1925): 715-17.

Bayliss, Robert A. A Note on T. H. Huxley and the Society of Arts. Journal of Consumer Studies and Home Economics I (1977): 21-25.

Beale, E. Kennedy of Cape York. Adelaide 1970.

Bell, Whitfield J. Huxley, Tyndall, and American Gold: a letter of Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1872. In Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 20 (1965).

Benn, A. W. The History of English Rationalism in the Nineteenth Century, 2 vols. N. Y. 1906.

Benson, K. R. 'From Museum Research to Laboratory Research: The Transformation of

Natural History into Academic Biology', in Rainger, Benson and Maienschein American Development of Biology, 49-83.

Bergson, Henri. Life and Consciousness. Huxley Memorial Lectures. Birmingham 1914.

Berman, Milton. John Fiske: The Evolution of a Popularizer. Cambridge (U. S.) 1961.

Bevington, Merle M. The Saturday Review, 1855-1868: Representative Educated Opinion in Victorian England. N. Y. 1941.

Bibby, Cyril. T. H. Huxley: His Place in Education. Ph.D. dissertation for the University of London (1955).

  –   The Huxley-Wilberforce Debate: A Postscript. Nature 176 (1955): 363.

  –   The South London Working Men's College: A Forgotten Venture. Adult Education 28 ( 1955): 211-21.

  –   T. H. Huxley and Medical Education. Charing Cross Hospital Gazette 54 (1956):191-95.

  –   T. H. Huxley and Technical Education. Journal of the Royal Society of Art. 104 ( 1956): 810-20.

  –   T. H. Huxley and the Training of Teachers. Educational Review 8 (1956): 137-45.

  –   T. H. Huxley's Idea of a University. Universities Quarterly (1956): 377-90.

  –   A Victorian Experiment in International Education. British Journal of Education 5 (1956): 25-36.

  –   Huxley: Prince of Controversialists. Twentieth Century 161 (1957): 268-77.

  –   The First Year of the London School Board: The Dominant Role of T. H. Huxley. Durham Research Review II (September 1957):

  –   Science as an Instrument of Culture: An Examination of the Views of T. H. Huxley. Researches and Studies 15 (1957): 1-17.

  –   T. H. Huxley and the Universities of Scotland. Aberdeen University Review 37 (1957):134-49.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley and University Development. Victorian Studies 2 (1958): 97-116.

  –   Huxley and the Reception of the "Origin." Victorian Studies 3 (1959): 76-86.

  –   T. H. Huxley, Scientist, Humanist and Educator. N. Y. 1959.

  –   ed., The Essence of T.H. Huxley. London 1967.

  –   ed., T. H. Huxley on Education: A Selection from His Writings. London 1971.

  –   Scientist Extraordinary: The Life and Scientific Work of Thomas Henry Huxley. Oxford 1972.

Bicknell, John W. Neologizing. Times Literary Supplement (June 29, 1973): 749.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. In Victorian Prose: A Guide to Research, ed. David J. DeLaura, 495-506. N. Y. 1973.

Bishop, P. O. Grafton Elliot Smith's Contribution to Visual Neurology and the Influence of Thomas Henry Huxley. In Grafton Elliot Smith. eds. A. P. Elkin and W. G. Macintosh. Sydney 1974.

Blinderman, Charles S. The Oxford Debate and After. Notes and Queries 202 (1957): 126-28.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. Scientific Monthly 84 (1957): 171-82.

  –   John Tyndall: Poet of Science. The Humanist 74:12 (1959): 19-20.

  –   The Docker Sparks Case. Notes and Queries 6:11 (1959 N.S.): 457-58.

  –   John Tyndall and the Victorian New Philosophy. Bucknell Review 9 (1961): 281-90.

  –   Humanistic Aspects of Darwinism. Faith and Freedom 14:41 (1961): 57-66.

  –   Huxley and Kingsley. Victorian Newsletter 20 (1961): 25-28.

  –   Semantic Aspects of T. H. Huxley's Literary Style. Journal of Communication 12 (1962): 171-78.

  –   T. H. Huxley's Theory of Aesthetics: Unity in Diversity. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 21 (1962): 49-55.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley on the Jews. Jewish Social Studies, 25 (1963): 57-61.

  –   A Re-evaluation of T. H. Huxley's Philosophy. Rationalist Annual 40 (1966): 50-62.

  –   The Great Bone Case. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 14 (1971): 370-93.

  –   "Charles Darwin" Dictionary of Literary Biography: Victorian Prose Writers. 57 (1987):50-70.

  –   Vampurella: Darwinism and Dracula. Massachusetts Review (1980), 411-14.

  –   Huxley, Pater, and Protoplasm. Journal of the History of Ideas 3 (1982):477-86.

  –   Unnatural Selection: Creationism and Evolutionism. Journal of Church and State 24 (1982): 73-86.

  –   The Curious Case of Nebraska Man. Science 85, 6:5 (June 1985), 46-49.

  –   Mudlarks of the Thames: Victorian Economy as Scientific Metaphor. Journal of Popular Culture (Fall, 1993)

  –   "The Descent of Words," T. H. Huxley as Etymologist Language Quarterly 33 (Summer-Fall 1995), 224-41.

  –   "T. H. Huxley: Essayist," The Encyclopedia of the Essay (Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998).

  –   "Alfred Russel Wallace," Dictionary of Literary Biography: Victorian Social Reformers (1998).

Block, Ed., Jr. T. H. Huxley's Rhetoric and the Mind-Matter Debate, 1868-1874. Prose Studies, 1800- 1899 8 (1985): 21-39.

  –   T. H. Huxley's Rhetoric and the Popularization of Victorian Scientific Ideas, 1854-1874. Victorian Studies 29 (Spring 1986): 363-86.

  –   T. H. Huxley's "Evolution and Ethics" with New Essays on Its Victorian and Sociobiological Context. Victorian Studies 34:4 (1991): 498-500.

Bodmer, George R. The Technical Illustration of Thomas Henry Huxley in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Bolt, C. Victorian Attitudes to Race. London 1971.

Bond, F. D. Huxley Theologian. Christian Century 43 (Feb. 25, 1926): 250-52.

Bonney, Thomas George. Annals of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society, Written from Its Minute Books. London 1919.

Bowden, M. "T. H. Huxley," in The Rise of the Evolution Fraud. Creation-Life Publishers, 1982.

Bower, F. O. Teaching of Biological Science. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature (1925): 712-14.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley, 1825-1925. Glasgow 1925.

  –   The Origin of a Land Flora. Huxley Memorial Lectures. London 1932.

Bowler, Peter. Fossils and Progress: Paleontology and the Idea of Progressive Evolution in the Nineteenth Century. N. Y. 1976.

  –   Evolution. Berkeley 1984.

  –   Theories of Human Evolution: A Century of Debate, 1844-1944. Oxford 1986.

  –   The Non-Darwinian Revolution: Reinterpreting a Historical Myth. Baltimore 1988.

  –   Life’s Splendid Drama: Evolutionary Biology and the Reconstruction of the History of Life on Earth, 1870-1930. Chicago 1996.

  –   Development and Adaptation: Evolutionar;y Concepts in British Morphology, 1870-1914. British Journal of the History of Science 11 (1989):283-97.

  –   Holding Your Head up High: Degeneration and Orthogenesis in Theories of Human Evolution. In James Moore, ed., History, Humanity and Evolution. Cambridge (U.S.) 1989.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley and the Reconstruction of Life’s Ancestry in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Boyer, James A. Thomas Henry Huxley and His Relation to the Recognition of Science in English Education. Ph.D. diss., University of Michigan, 1949.

Boys, C. V. Personal Impressions. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature (1925): 751.

Brantlinger, Patrick, ed. Energy & Entropy: Science and Culture in Victorian Britain. Bloomington 1989.

Brantlinger, Patrick. Thomas Heny Huxley and the Imperial Archive in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Bridges, Horace. Thomas Henry Huxley: A Centenary Tribute. The God of Fundamentalism. Chicago 1926.

Brooke, J. H., Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge, Eng. 199I).

Brooks, William K. The Lesson of the Life of Huxley. Washington 1901.

Brown, Alan W. The Metaphysical Society: Victorian Minds in Crisis, 1869-1880. N. Y.1947.

Brown, Richard H. Rhetoric and Science of History: The Debate Between Evolutionism and Empiricism as a Conflict of Metaphors. Quarterly Journal of Speech 72 (1986): 148-61.

Browne, E. J. The Charles Darwin-Joseph Hooker Correspondence: An Analysis of Manuscript Resources and Their Use in Biography. Journal Social Bibliography of Natural History 8 (1978): 351-66.

Buck, Philip Melvyn, ed. Selected Essays and Addresses of Thomas Henry Huxley. N. Y. 1921.

Burchfield, J. D. Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth. N. Y. 1975.

Burhoe, Ralph W. On Huxley's Evolution and Ethics in Sociobiological Perspective. Zygon 23 (1988): 54-67.

Burke, John Butler. The Agnostic's Insufficiency. The Dublin Review 178 (Jan. 1926): 13-26.

Burrow, J. W. Evolution and Anthropology in the 1860's: The Anthropological Society of London, 1863-71. Victorian Studies (1963): 137-54.

  –   Evolution and Society: A Study in Victorian Social Theory (Cambridge, Eng. 1966).

Butcher, B. W. Gorilla Warfare in Melbourne: Halford, Huxley, and "Man's Place in Nature." In R. W. Home, ed., Australian Science in the Making. London 1988.

Butler, Samuel, Evolution Old and New (London 1879).

Butler, S. V. F., Centers and Peripheries: The Development of British Physiology, 1870-1914. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (1988):473-500.

Cadman, S. Parkes. Charles Darwin and Other English Thinkers. London 1911.

Campbell, Elisa K. Beyond Anthropocentrism. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 19 (1983): 54-67.

Cannon, Walter F. The Normative Role of Science in Early Victorian Thoughts. Journal of the History of Ideas 25 (1964): 487-502.

  –   Scientists and Broad Churchmen. Journal British Studies 4 (1964): 65-88.

Caron, J. A., 'Biology" in the Life Sciences: A Historiographical Contribution. History of Science 26 (1988): 223-68.

Cardwell, D. S. L., The Organisation of Science in Englan d (Heinemann, 1972).

Caron, A. D. R. The House of the Royal Institution. London 1963.

Carroll, P. T. American Science Transformed. American Scientist 74 (S1986): 466-85.

Carter, Neal E. The Political Side of Science: Communication between Scientists and the Public. Vital Speeches of the Day 52 (1986): 558-61.

Castell, Alburey, ed. Selections from the Essays of Thomas Henry Huxley. N. Y. 1948.

Catlett, Stephen. Huxley, Hutton and the "White Rage": a Debate on Vivisection at the Metaphysical Society. Archives of Natural History 11 (1983): 181-89.

Caudill, Edward, ed. Darwinism in the Press: The Evolution of an Idea. Hillsdale, N.J., 1989.

  –   The Bishop-Eaters: The Publicity Campaign for Darwin and On the Origin of Species, Journal of the History of Ideas 55 (1994): 441-60.

The Centenary of Huxley. Supplement to Nature CXV:2897 (May 9, 1925): 697-752.

Centenary of the Huxley building: personalities and events in the history of Imperial college. London 1972

Chadwick, J. W. Thomas Henry Huxley: A Doubter's Faith Boston 1901.

Chadwick, O. The Secularization of the European Mind in the Nineteenth Century . Cambridge (U. K.) 1975.

Chandler, Alice. Literature and Science: or, The Two Cultures and Some Reciprocities between Them. Mid-Hudson Language Studies 5 (1982): 9-19.

Chen-Tzu-yun. Yen Fu's Translation of Huxley's Evolution and Ethics. Tamkang Review l3:2 (1982): 111-35.

Cherry, Douglas. The Two Cultures of Matthew Arnold and T. H. Huxley. Wascana Review 1 (1966): 53-61.

Chesterton, Cecil. An Agnostic Defeat. Dublin Review 150 (Jan. 1912): 162-72.

  –   The Victorian Age in Literature. London, 1913.

  –   The Art of Controversy. Catholic World 105 (1917): 446-56.

  –   The Huxley Heritage. American Review 8 (1937): 484-87.

Clack, J. A. Pholiderpeton scutigerum Huxley, an amphibian from the Yorkshire coal measures. London 1987.

Clark, Ronald W. The Huxleys. London 1968.

Clarke, W. Newton. Huxley and Phillip Brooks. London 1903.

Clausen, Christopher. Agnosticism, Religion, and Science: Some Unexamined Implications. Bulletin of the Rocky Mountain Modern Language Association 30 (1976): 73-86.

Clodd, Edward. The Right Hon. Thomas Henry Huxley Daily Chronicle (July 1, 1895).

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. London 1902.

  –   Professor Huxley. Edinburgh 1905.

  –   Pioneers of Evolution, from Thales to Huxley. London 1907.

  –   Memories. London 1916.

  –   Evolution and Man. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 724-26.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. Century 110 (May 1925): 33-41.

Cockerell, T.D.A. Huxley's Message to the Modern World. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 750.

Cockshut, A. O. J. The Unbelievers: English Agnostic Thought, 1840-1890. London 1964.

Cohen, Chapman. God and the Universe: Eddington, Jeans, Huxley, and Einstein, with a Reply to A. S. Eddington. London n.d.

Coleman, D., and T. Mansell. Science, Religion and the London School Board: Aspects of the Life and Work of John Hall Gladstone (1827-1902)', History of Education 24(I995):141-58.

Coleman, W. Morphology between Type Concept and Descent Theory. Journal of the History of Medical and Allied Sciences 31 (1976): 149-75.

Collie, Michael. Huxley at Work. With the Scientific Correspondence of T. H. Huxley and the Rev. Dr George Gordon of Birnie, near Elgin London 1991.

Collier, John. The Religion of an Artist (Watts, 19Z6).

Cordeiro, Frederick. Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895). S. N. 1919

Coslett, Tess. The "Scientific Moement" and Victorian Literature. Sussex, 1982.

Cooter, R., and S. Pumfrey. Separate Spheres and Public Places: Reflections on the History of Science Popularization and Science in Public Culture. History of Science 32 (1994):23;-67.

Cosans, C. Anatomy, Metaphysics, and Values: The Ape Brain Debate Reconsidered. Biology and Philosophy, 9 (1994):129--65.

Coulson, C. A. Science and Religion. Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 41 (1966-67): 480-92.

Coulson, G. G. Four Score Years: an Autobiography. 1943.

Courtney, Janet E. Freethinkers of the Nineteenth Century. London 1920.

Croizat, L. Manual of Phytogeography. Hitchin 1952.

Crossley, R. Culture and Controversy: A Diagnosis. Massachusetts Review 17 (1976): 405-28.

Crowe, M. B. Huxley and Humanism. Studies 49 (Autumn 1960): 249-60.

Cruse, Amy. The Englishman and His Books in the Early Nineteenth Century. N. Y. 1932.

  –   The Victorians and Their Books. London 1935.

Dale, Peter A. In Pursuit of a Scientific Culture: Science, Art, and Society in the Victorian Age. Wisc. 1989.

Dampier, Sir William. A History of Science and Its Relations with Philosophy and Religion. Cambridge (U.K.) 1948.

Darwin, Huxley and the Natural Sciences. Research Publication, 1995. Cambridge University.

Darwin's Bulldog: T. H. Huxley and the Fight for Darwinism. (Videocassette) London: BBC, 1971.

Davis, James A. Thomas H. Huxley. London 1907.

Davitashvili, L. Sh. V. O. Kowalewsky and T. H. Huxley as Naturalist-Evolutionists. Trudy Institute Istorii Estestvoznaniiia 3 (1949): 351-67.

Dawes, Ben. A Hundred Years of Biology. London 1952.

Dawson, Warren R. The Huxley Papers: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Correspondence, Manuscripts and Miscellaneous Papers of the Rt. Hon. Thomas Henry Huxley. Imperial College of Science and Technology. London 1946.

Dean, D. R. Through Science to Despair: Geology and the Victorians. Annuals New York Academy of Sciences 190 (1981): 111-36.

Deacon, Margaret. Scientists and the Sea, 1650-1900: A Study of Marine Science. London 1971.

DeBeer, Gavin, ed. Autobiographies: Charles Darwin and Thomas Henry Huxley. London 1974. Desmond, Adrian. Archtypes and Ancestors: Palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850-1875. Chicago 1984.

  –   'The Making of Institutional Zoology in London 1822-1836. History of Science 23 (1985): 153-85, 224-50.

  –   Richard Owen's Reaction to Transmutation in the 1830's. British Journal History of Science (1985): 25-50.

  –   Artisan Resistance and Evolution in Britain, 1819-1848. Osiris 3 (1987): 77-110.

  –   The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine, and Reform in Radical London. Cambridge (U.K.) 1989.

  –   Darwin, Huxley, and the Natural Sciences. Isis 84 (1993): 594-95.

  –   Author’s Response in Review Symposium: Huxley, A. D. Metascience 7 (1995): 27-55.

  –   Huxley: The Devil's Disciple. London 1995.

  –   Huxley: Evolution's High Priest. London 1997.

  –   and J. Moore. Darwin . London 1991.

Desroches, Rosny. L'Utopia: Evasion ou anticipation? In Mathe Allain, ed. France and North America: Utopias and Utopians. Lafayette 1978.

DiGregorio, Mario A. On the Side of the Apes: Thomas Henry Huxley and the Methods and Results of Science. Ph. D. thesis, 1979.

  –   Order or Process of Nature: Huxley's and Darwin's Different Approaches to Natural Sciences. Journal History of Philosophy of Life Sciences 2 (1981): 217-41.

  –   The Dinosaur Connection: A Reinterpretation of T. H. Huxley's Evolutionary View. Journal of the History of Biology 15 (1982): 397-418.

  –   T. H. Huxley's Place in Natural Science. New Haven 1984.

  –   A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing: Carl Gegenbaur, Ernst Haeckel, the Vertebrate Theory of the Skull, and the Survival of Richard Owen, Journal of the History of Biology 28 (1995):247-80.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley and the Status of Evolution as Science in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Discovery (Eng.) 17:2 (Feb. 1956), 48-49, 76-77.

Dockrill, D. W. The Origin and Development of Nineteenth Century English Agnosticism. Historical Journal l (1971): 3-31.

  –   T. H. Huxley and the Meaning of "Agnosticism." Theology 74 (1971): 461-77.

Douglas, Robert V. Huxley's Critique from Social Darwinism. In Critics of Henry George. Ed. R. V. Anderson. N. J. 1979.

Drachman, J. M. Studies in the Literature of Natural Science. N. Y. 1936.

Dupres, Hunter A. Christianity and the Scientific Community in the Age of Darwin. In D. Lindberg and R .Numbers, eds., God and Nature. Berkeley 1986.

Duncan, D., ed. The Life and Letters of Herbert Spencer. London 1911.

Durant, J. The Meaning of Evolution: Post-Darwinian Debates on the Significance for Man of the Theory of Evolution, 1858-1908." Cambridge Univ. diss. 1978.

Edel, Leon. Henry James: The Conquest of London 1870-1881.

Edwards, Francis. Man and Civilization. London 1923.

Eisen, Sydney. Huxley and the Positivists. Victorian Studies 7 (June 1964): 337-58.

  –   and Bernard Lightman, Victorian Science and Religion: A Bibliography with Emphasis on Evolution, Belief, and Unbelief, Comprised of Works Published from c. 1900-1975. Hamden, 1984.

Eiseley, Loren. Darwin's Century. N.Y. 1958.

  –   ed. On a Piece of Chalk by Thomas Henry Huxley. N. Y. 1967.

Ellegard, Alvar. Darwin and the General Reader: The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution in the British Periodical Press, 1859-1872. Goteborg 1958.

  –   Public Opinion and the Press: Reaction to Darwinism. Journal of the History of Ideas 19 (1958): 379-87.

  –   Darwin's Theory and Nineteenth-Century Philosophies of Science. Journal of the History of Ideas 18 (June 1957): 362-93.

Elvin, L. White Paper or Black Reaction? Huxley Memorial Lecture, 1973.

Eng, Erling. Thomas Henry Huxley's Understanding of "Evolution." History of Science 16 ( 1978): 291-303.

English, Mary P. Robert Hardwicke and T. H. Huxley. Archives of Natural History. 16 (1989): 245.

Eve, A. S. and C. H. Creasey. Life and Work of John Tyndall. London 1945.

The Evolution of a Myth [The Wilberforce-Huxley debate]. Economist 308 (1988): 98.

Everett, Edwin M. The Party of Humanity. The Fortnightly Review and Its Contributors, 1865-1874. Chapel Hill 1939.

Farber, P. L. "The Transformation of Natural History in the Nineteenth Century." Journal of the History of Biology 15 (1982): 145-52.

Fawcett, J. W.,Thomas Henry Huxley Unity, 9 5 (1925):Z07-IO.

Fiske, John. 'Reminiscences of Huxley. Ann. Rep. Smithsonian Inst. (1901):713-28.

  –   A Century of Science and other Essays. Boston 1899.

  –   Essays, Historical and Literary. N. Y. 1902.

Fitter, Richard S. Six great naturalists: White, Linnaeus, Waterton, Audubon, Fabre, Huxley. London 1959.

Fleissner, R.F. Did not T.H. Huxley's "Piece of Chalk" Leave Its mark on the Canon? Clues: A Journal of Detection (1993) 14:2, 81-89.

Flett, J. S. The First Hundred Years of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. London 1937.

Flew, Anthony. Evolutionary Ethics. N. Y. 1967.

  –   The Presumption of Atheism, and other Philosophical Essays on God, Freedom and Immortality. London 1976.

Flint, R. Agnosticism. Edinburgh 1903.

Flurscheim, M. Professor Huxley's Attacks. Nineteenth Century (1890): 639-50

Foden, F. E. Popular Science Examinations of the Nineteenth Century. Journal Royal Institute of Chemistry 87 (1963): 6-9.

Foley, Louis. The Huxley Tradition of Language Study. Modern Language Journal 26:1 (Jan. 1942), 14-20.

Foote, G. W. What Is Agnosticism? With observations on Huxley, Bradlaugh, and Ingersoll, and a reply to George Jacob Holyoake; also a defense of atheism. London 1902.

Forgan, S. and G. Gooday, Constructisng South Kensington: The Building and Politics of

T. H. Huxley’s Working Environment. British Journal for the History of Science 29 (1996).

Foskett, D. J. Wilberforce and Huxley on Evolution. Nature 172 (1953): 920.

Foster, C. The Influence of Science Teaching on the Development of Secondary Education. Ph.D. thesis, University of London. 1940.

Foster, Michael. See Bibliography 2.

Fraser-Harris, David. The Centenary of Huxley. In Coloured Thinking. N. Y. 1928.

Friday, James. A Microscopic Incident in a Monumental Struggle: Huxley and Antibiosis in 1875. British Journal for the History of Science 7 (1974): 61-71.

Fryer, E. M. Huxley, the Boy of Evolution. In A Book of Boyhoods . 1920.

Gantz, Kenneth F. The Beginnings of Darwinian Ethics, 1859-1871. Studies in English (1939), 180-209.

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Poulton, E. B. Thomas Henry Huxley and the Theory of Natural Selection. In Essays on Evolution. Oxford, 1908.

  –   Huxley and Natural Selection. Huxley Memorial Lectures. Birmingham 1914.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 704-8.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. Huxley Memorial Lectures. London 1932.

Pringle-Pattison, A. Seth. Professor Huxley on Nature and Man. In Man's Place in the Cosmos. Edinburgh 1902.

Querner, H. Karl Ernst von Baer und Thomas Henry Huxley. Sudhoffs Archives , Band 62, Heft 1 (1978): 131-47.

Rainger, R. Race, Politics, and Science: The Anthropological Society of London in the 1860's. Victorian Studies 22 (1978): 51-70.

  –   Paleontology and Philosophy: A Critique'. Journal History of B iology 18 (1985): 267-87.

Rajapakse, Vijitha. Buddhism in Huxley's Evolution and Ethics: A Note on a Victorian Evaluation and Its Comparative Dimension. Philosophy East and West 35 (1985): 295-304.

Randel, William Peirce. Huxley in America. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 114 (1970): 73-99.

Reed, John R. Thomas Henry Huxley and the Question of Morality in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Reeks, M. Register .. and History of the Royal School of Mines. London 1920.

Reeve, Lowell, ed. Thomas Henry Huxley. In Portraits of Men of Eminence in Literature, Science, and Art 1 (1963): 127-34.

Rehbock, P. F. Huxley, Haeckel, and the Oceanographers: The Case of Bathybius Haeckelii. Isis 66 (1975): 504-33.

  –   The Philosophical Naturalists: Themes in Early Nineteenth-Century British Biology. Madison 1983.

  –   ed., At Sea with the Scientifics: The Challenger Letters of Joseph Matki (Honolulu, Univ. Hawaii Press,1992).

Reid, Robert G. B. Thomas Henry Huxley and Nineteenth-Century Biology in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Reingold, Nathan, ed. Science in Nineteenth-Century America. N. Y. 1964.

  –   Science in America since 1820. N. Y.1976.

Renner, Stanley. The Garden of Civilization: Conrad, Huxley, and the Ethics of Evolution. Conradiana: A Journal of Joseph Conrad 7 (1975): 109-20.

Rice, A. L. Thomas Henry Huxley and the Strange Case of Bathybius haeckelii ; A Possible Alternative Explanation. Annals of Natural History 11 (1983): 169-80.

Rich, P .B. Social Darwinism, Anthropology and English Perspectives of the Irish 1867-1I900, Hist. Eur. Ideas 19 (1994): 777-85.

Richards, Evelleen. A Question of Property Rights: Richard Owen's Evolutionism Reassessed. British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1987): 129-71.

  –   Huxley and Woman's Place in Science: The "Woman Question" and the Control of Victorian Anthropology. History, Humanity and Evolution. Ed. J. R. Moore. Cambridge (U.S.) 1989.

  –   Darwin and the Descent of Woman in Oldroyd and Langham, Wider Domain, 57-111.

  –   Gendering the Romanes Lecture: The Sexual Politics of T. H. Huxley's "Evolution and Ethics" paper delivered at Huxley Conference, Imperial College London (April 1995).

  –   Redrawing the Boundaries: Darwinian Science and Victorian Women Intellectuals in Lightman, Victorian Science.

Richards, Robert J. Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior. Chicago 1987.

Ridley, M. Coadaptation and the Inadequacy of Natural Selection. British Journal for the History of Science 15 (1982): 45-68.

Ritchie, J. A Natural History Interlude: Huxley's Teaching at Edinburgh University. University of Edinburgh Journal (1940): 206-12.

Ritvo, Harriet. Zoological Nomenclature and the Empire of Victorian Science. In Lightman, Victorian Science in Context.

Roberts, Jon H. Darwinism and the Divine in America: Protestant Intellectuals and Organic Evolution, 1859-1900. Madison 1988.

Roberts, Windsor Hall. The Reaction of the American Protestant Churches to the Darwinian Philosophy, 1860-1900. Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1936.

Robertson, John M. A History of Freethought in the Nineteenth Century. London, 1929

Robinson, Daniel N., ed. Darwinism: Critical Reviews from Dublin Review, Edinburgh Review, Quarterly Review. Washington 1977.

Robinson, Eric. Centenary: Huxley rests. Geology Today (Nov.-Dec. 1995), 208-209.

Roderick, G. W., and M. Stephen. Scientific and Technical Education in 19th Century England (New York 1973).

Rogers, A. K. Thomas Huxley. In English and American Philosophy Since 1800 . 1922.

Roos, David A. Matthew Arnold and Thomas Huxley: Two Speeches at the Royal Academy of Arts, 1881 and 1883. Modern Philology 75 (1977): 316-24.

  –   Neglected Bibliographical Aspects of the Works of Thomas Henry Huxley. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 8 (1978): 401-20.

  –   Matthew Arnold, Thomas Henry Huxley, and the Rhetoric of Friendship and Controversy. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Chicago, 1979.

  –   The "Aims and Intentions" of Nature. In Paradis and Postlewait, Victorian Science and Values: 159-80.

Rose, Phyllis. Huxley, Holmes, and the Scientist as Aesthete. Victorian Newsletter 38 (1970), 22-24.

Ross, Sydney. Scientist: The Story of a Word. Annals of Science 18:2 (June 1962): 65-85.

Routh, James R. Jr. Huxley as a Literary Man, The Century Magazine 63 (1902):392-98.

Rudwick, M.J. The Meaning of Fossils: Episodes in the History of Palaeontology. London 1972.

  –   The Darwinian Revolution. Chicago 1979.

Rudwick, Martin J. The Great Devonian Controversy: The Shaping of Scientific Knowledge among Gentlemanly Specialists. Chicago 1985.

Rupke, N. A. Bathybius Haeckelii and the Psychology of Scientific Discovery: Theory instead of observed data controlled the late 19th century discovery of a primitive form of life. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 7 (1976): 53-62

  –   ed., Science, Politics and the Public Good. London 1988.

  –   Richard Owen: Victorian Naturalist (New Haven 1994).

Ruse, Michael. The Darwinian Revolution: Science Red in Tooth and Claw. Cambridge (U.S.) 1979.

  –   The Relationship between Science and Religion in Britain, 1830-1870. Church History 44 (1975): 505-22.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley and the Status of Evolution as Science in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Russell, Bertrand. Ideas and Beliefs of the Victorians. BBC, 1949.

Russell, E. F. A Student's Reminiscences. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 751-52.

Russett, Cynthia Eagle. Darwin in America: The Intellectual Response, 1865-1912. San Francisco, 1976.

Russell, Bertrand and Patricia. The Amberley Papers II London 1937.

Russell, Rev. E. F. A Student's Reminiscences. Nature 115 (1925): 751-752.

Savory, Jerold J. T. H. Huxley. In Dictionary of Literary Biography: Victorian Prose Writers After 1867, ed. William B. Thesing. Detroit 1987.

Sawyer, Thomas M. Rhetoric in an Age of Science and Technology. College Composition and Communication 23 (1972): 390-98.

Schurman, Jacob G. Agnosticism and Religion. N Y. 1900.

Scientific Culture, 1820-1875. Annals of Science 42 (1985): 549-72.

Semmel, B. The Governor Eyre Controversy. London 1962.

Shafer, Robert. Christianity and Naturalism New Haven 1926.

Sheldon, Henry C. Unbelief in the Nineteenth Century: A Critical History. London 1907.

Sheldrake, Rupert. Three Approaches to Biology. Theoria to Theory 14 (1980): 125-44.

  –   Three Approaches to Biology II: Vitalism. Theoria to Theory 14 (1981): 227-40.

  –   Three Approaches to Biology III: Organicism. Theoria to Theory 14 (June 1981): 301-11.

Sheppard, F. W., ed. The Survey of London: The Museums Area of South Kensington (1975).

Shortland, M., and R. Yeo, eds. Telling Lives in Science: Essays on Scientiht Biography. Cambridge (U.K.) 1996

Sloan, Pat. Haeckel's House in Jena: Letters between Haeckel and T. H. Huxley throw interesting light on their friendship. The Humanist ??? 102-04.

Smalley, George. See Biblio. 2.

Smith, F. A History of English Elementary Education, 1760-1902. London, 1931.

Smith, G. Elliot. The Place of T. H. Huxley in Anthropology. London 1935.

  –   Conversion in Science. Huxley Memorial Lectures. London 1932.

Smith, James M. Thomas Henry Huxley in Nashville. Tennessee Historical Quarterly 33 (1974): 191-203, 322-41.

Smith, R. The Background of Physiological Psychology in Natural Philosophy British Journal for the History of Science 6 (1973): 75a-123.

Snell, Ada L. F. Ed. Autobiography and Selected Essays by Thomas Henry Huxley. Boston 1909.

Sollas, Prof. W. The Master. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 747-48.

Sommerville, Bruce and Michael Shortland. Thomas Henry Huxley, H. G. Wells, and the Method of Zadig in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Sopka, Katherine R. John Tyndall: International Populariser of Science. In John Tyndall: Essays on a Natural Philosopher, ed. W. H. Brock, N. D. McMillan, and R. C. Mollan. Dublin 1981.

Spalding, T. A. The Work of the London School Board. London, 1900.

Spencer, Herbert. Autobiography. London, 1904.

Stanley, Oma. T. H. Huxley's Treatment of Nature. Journal of the History of Ideas 18 (1957): 120-27.

Stein, Gordon ed. The Encyclopedia of Unbelief. Buffalo 1985.

Stenerson, Douglas C. H. L. Mencken: Iconoclast from Baltimore. Chicago 1971.

Stephen, Leslie. Thomas Henry Huxley. Nineteenth Century 48 (1900):905-18.

Stoddard, D. R. "That Victorian Science": Huxley's Physiography and Its Impact on Geography. Transactions Institute of British Geography 66 (1975).

Stover, Leon. Applied Natural History: Wells vs. Huxley. H. G. Wells Under Revision. Eds. Patrick Parrinder and Christopher Rolfe. Phila. 1990.

  –   H. G. Wells, T. H. Huxley and Darwinism. In Reality and Beyond. Ed. Michael Mullin. Champaign 1986.

Stocking, G. W. Race, Culture and Evolution. Cambridge (U.S.) 1982.

  –   Victorian Anthropology. N. Y. 1987.

Straus, William L. Huxley's Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature  –   A Century Later. In Lloyd G. Stevenson and Robert F. Multhauf, eds. Medicine, Science & Culture. Baltimore 1968.

Steam, W. T., The Natural History Museum at South Kensington (London 1981).

Stoddart, D. R. "That Victorian Science": Huxley's Physiography and Its Impact on Geography. Transactions Institute of British Geography. 66 (I975), 17-40.

Subbiah, Mahalingam. Popularizing Science: Thomas Henry Huxley's Style. Ph.D. diss., Oklahoma State University, 1987.

Super, R. H. "The Humanist at Bay: The Arnold-Huxley Debate." In Nature and the Victorian Imagination. Eds. U. C. Knoepflmacher and G. B. Tennyson. Berkeley 1976.

Schwartz, Joel S. "A Good Imprudent Faith in My Own Star": Thomas Henry Huxley’s Odyssey in the South Seas in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Tax, Sol. Issues in Evolution: the University of Chicago Centennial Discussions. Chicago 1960.

Teller, James D. Great Teachers of Science: 1. Thomas Henry Huxley. Science Education 25 (1941).

  –   A Pioneer Propagandist for Science in the Elementary School. Elementary School Journal 43 (Dec. 1942): 239-41.

  –   The Social Responsibility of a Scientist. Education 63 (Sept. 1942): 3-10.

  –   Huxley on the Aims of Education." Educational Forum 8, Part I (1944): 317-23.

  –   Huxley's "Evil Influence." Scientific Monthly 56 (1943): 173-78.

Tener, Robert H. R. H. Hutton and "Agnostic." Notes and Queries 11 (n.s.) (1964): 613-14. ?

  –   Agnostic. Times Literary Supplement 3415 (August 10, 1967): 732.

  –   Times Literary Supplement (Nov 9 1973).

  –   Tener, R. H., and M. Woodfield, eds, A Victorian Spectator : Uncollected Writings of R. H. Hutton (Bristol, I99I).

Teng, S. and Fairbank, J. K. China's Response to the West. Cambridge (U.S.) 1954.

Thistleton-Dyer, W. T. The First Volume of Huxley's Memoirs. Nature 58 (1898): 613-14.

  –   Huxley. Encyclopedia Britannica (1902): 368-72.

  –   Plant Biology in the 'Seventies. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 709-12.

Tholfsen, Trygve R. The Artisan and the Culture of Early Victorian Birmingham. University of Birmingham Historical Journal 4 (1954): 146-66.

Thomas, Charles K. The Rhetoric of Thomas Henry Huxley. Ph.D. diss. Cornell University, 1930.

Thomas Henry Huxley's Place in Science and Letters. University of Georgia Press,, 1997.

Thomas, William B. The Story of the Spectator, 1828-1928. London 1928.

Thomson, J. Arthur. Huxley as Evolutionist. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 717-18.

  –   The Great Biologists. London 1932.

Thompson, W. H. Professor Huxley and Religion. London 1905.

Tilby, A. Wyatt. Huxley's Problem of Justice. Nineteenth Century and After 106 (1924): 58-69.

Turner, D. M. The Philosophical Aspect of Education in Science. Isis 9 (1927): 402-19.

  –   History of Science Teaching in England. London 1927.

Turner, Frank M. Lucretius Among the Victorians. Victorian Studies 16 (1974): 329-48.

  –   Rainfall, Plagues, and the Prince of Wales: A Chapter in the Conflict of Religion and Science. Journal of British Studies 13 (1974): 46-65.

  –   Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England. New Haven 1974.

  –   The Victorian Conflict between Science and Religion: A Professional Dimension. Isis 69 (1978): 356-76.

  –   Public Science in Britain, 1880-1919. Isis 71 (1980): 589-608.

  –   Contesting Cultural Authority: Essays in Victorian Intellectual Life. Cambridge (UK) (1993).

Turrill, William Bertram. J. D. Hooker, Botanist, Explorer, and Administrator. London 1963.

Ulke, Karl-Dieter. Agnostiches Denken im Viktorianischen England. Freiburg 1980.

Uschmann, G. and J. Jahn, eds. Der Briefwechsel zwischen Thomas Henry Huxley und Ernst Haeckel. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Friedrich-Schiller Universitat Jena 9 (1959-60):7-33.

Vanderpool, Harold Y., ed. Darwin and Darwinism. Mass. 1973.

Van Dover, J. K. Huxley, Holmes, and the Scientific Detective. Baker Street Journal 38 (1988), 240-41.

Van Riper, A. B. Men among the Mammoths: Victorian Science and the Discovery of PrehistoryCambridge (UK) 1993.

Vines, S. H. The Beginning of Instruction in General Biology. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (May 9, 1925): 714-715.

Vogeler, Rolf-Dieter Engagierte Wissenschaftler: Bernal, Huxley und Co.: über das Projekt der "Social relations of science." Frankfurt am Main; N. Y. 1992.

Voorhees, Irving W. The Teachings of Thomas Henry Huxley. N. Y. 1907.

Waisbren, Steven J. The Importance of Morphology in the Evolutionary Synthesis. Journal of the History of Biology. (1988).

Wallace, A. R. My Life: A Record of Events and Opinions. London 1905.

Wallas, Graham Physical and Social Science. Huxley Memorial Lectures. London 1932.

Ward, Wilfrid. "Thomas Henry Huxley" in Problems and Persons. London, 1968.

Waserman, Manfred. Thomas H. Huxley and Religion and Immortality: A Letter from T. Lauder Brunton to Fielding H. Garrison. Medical History 134 (1969): 71-73.

Watson, D. M. S. Structure and Evolution in Vertebrate Paleontology. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (May 9,1925): 730-32.

Watt, Donald. Soul-Facts: Humour and Figure in T. H. Huxley. Prose Studies, 1800 -1900 1 (1978): 30-40.

Watts, William W. Huxley's Geological Thought and Teaching. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (1925): 732-34.

Weldon, W. F. R. Thomas Henry Huxley. Dictionary of National Biography. London 1901.

Wells, H. G. Huxley', Science Schools Journal (April 1901): 209-11.

  –   Experiment in Autobiography. London 1934.

  –   Thomas Henry Huxley. The Listener 14 (October 9, 1935): 593-95.

Wenley, R. M. Huxley in His Epoch. The Monist 35 (1925): 347-71.

Werskey, Paul G. Haldane and Huxley: The First Appraisals. Journal of the History of Biology 4 (1971): 171-83.

Whaley, Terrence. Matthew Arnold and Thomas Huxley: the value of science and literature for a liberal education. Ph. D. thesis, University of Chicago, 1985.

White, P. O. G. Three Victorians and the New Reformation. Theology 69 (August 1966): 352-58.

White, Paul. Genius in Public and Private in Barr, Alan, Thomas Henry Huxley’s Place in Science and Letters 1997.

Whitrow, G. J., Centenary of the Huxley Building: Personalities and Events in the History of Imperial College (I972).

Wickens, G. Glen. Literature and Science: Hardy's Response to Mill, Huxley, and Darwin. Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature 14 (1981): 63-79.

Wilburn, Ralph G. Reflections on the Problem of Evil. Lexington Theological Quarterly 16 (1981), 126-41.

Williams, G. C. Huxley's Evolution and Ethics in Sociobiological Perspective. Zygon 23 (1988): 383-407.

  –   Reply to Comments on "Huxley's Evolution and Ethics in Sociobiological Perspective." Zygon 23 (1988): 437-438.

  –   A Sociological Expansion of Evolution and Ethics. In James Paradis and George C. Williams, Evolution & Ethics. N. J. 1989.

Williams, Wesley C. Huxley, Thomas Henry. In Dictionary of Scientific Biographies. N. Y. 1970.

Wilson, D. B. Victorian Science and Religion. History of Science 15 (1977): 52-67.

Wilson, David. Huxley and Wilberforce at Oxford and Elsewhere. Westminster Review 167 (March 1907): 311-16.

Winsor, Mary. Starfish, Jellyfish, and the Order of Life. New Haven 1976.

  –   The Impact of Darwinism upon the Linnaean Enterprise, with special reference to the work of T. H. Huxley. In Contemporary Perspectives on Linnaeus. Ed. J. M. Weinstock. Maryland 1985.

Winston, George. P. John Fiske. N. Y. 1972.

Woelfel, James. William James on Victorian Agnosticism: A Strange Blindness." God, Values, and Empiricism. Eds. W. Peden and L. Axel. Georgia, 1989.

Wolf, Abraham. Huxley and Spinoza. Hagae Comitis, 1926.

Woodward, Arthur Smith. Huxley as a Palaeontologist and Geologist. Natural Science 7 (1895): 125-28.

  –   Contributions to Vertebrate Paleontology. The Centenary of Huxley. Nature 115 (May 9, 1925): 728-730.

  –   Modern Progress in Vertebrate Palaeontology. Huxley Memorial Lectures. London 1932.

Wrangham, R. W. Bishop Wilberforce: Natural Selection and the Descent of Man. Nature (1989): 192.

Wright, Henrietta. Children's Stories of the Great Scientists. N. Y., 1905.

Wyss, Andre. Notes on Prototheria, Insectivora, and Thomas Huxley's Contribution to Mammalian Sytematics." Journal of Mammalogy 68 (1): 135-138.

Yen Fu's Translation of Huxley's Evolution and Ethics. Tamkano Review: A Quarterly of Comparative Studies between Chinese and Foreign Literature 13 (Winter 1982): 111-135.

Young, Robert. The Value of Autonomy. Philosophy Quarterly 32 (Jan. 1982): 35-44.

Zaniello, Thomas. The Stonyhurst Philosophers. The Hopkins Quarterly 9 (Winter, 1983): 133-59.

Zappen, James P. Scientific Rhetoric in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: Herbert Spencer, Thomas H. Huxley and John Dewey. Textual Dynamics of the Professions. Ed. Charles Bazerman and James Paradis. Wisc. 1991.

Zeigler, L. Harmon. Comments on the Political Scientism of Thomas Henry Huxley. Social Science, 39:2 (April, 1964).

Zoller, Peter. Revolt in Jamaica: A Study of Carlyle, Ruskin, Mill, and Huxley. Ph. D. thesis, Claremont University, 1970.

Addendum: Huxley Memorial Lectures

The following list, though incomplete, is the most comprehensive available of Huxley Memorial Lectures.

Lionel Elvin White Paper or black reaction
1896Foster, M. The Huxley lecture on recent advances in science and their bearing on medicine and surgery
Medicin und Chirurgie : gelesen in der Charing Cross Hospital Medical School zu London am
1900Lister, Joseph. The Huxley lecture
1902Cunningham, D. J. Right-handedness and left-brainedness
1904Deniker, Joseph, 1852-1918. Les six races composants la population actuelle de l'Europe
1904Macewen, William. The Huxley lecture on the function of the caecum and appendix
1904Foster, Michael. The Work and Influence of Thomas Henry Huxley.
1905Beddoe, John
1905Poulton, E. B. Thomas Henry Huxley and the Theory of Natural Selection.
1906Petrie, W. M. Flinders Migrations
1907Thomson, Sir. J. J. The Influence of Recent Discoveries in Electricity on Our Conceptions of Matter and Ether.
1908Ross, Ronald. Malaria.
1909Bateson, William. Mendelian Heredity.
1910Dawkins, William Boyd. The arrival of man in Britain in the Pleistocene age
1910Gardner, Percy. Rationalism and Science in Relation to Social Movements.
1911Bergson, Henri. Life and Consciousness.
1912Joly, John. Pleochroic Haloes.
1912Luschan, Felix von. The early inhabitants of western Asia.
1913Evans, Arthur. The Ages of Minos.
1914Lodge, Oliver Introduction Huxley memorial lectures to the University of Birmingham.
1916Frazer, James George. Ancient stories of a great flood.
1920Haddon, Alfred C. Migrations of cultures in British New Guinea.
1921Balfour, Henry, 1863-1939. The archer's bow in the Homeric poems. An attempted diagnosis.
1922Boule, Marcellin. The anthropological work of Prince Albert I of Monaco, and the recent progress of human paleontology in France.
1924Verneau, R. La race de Neanderthal et la race de Grimaldi : leur role dans l'humanite.
1925Evans, Arthur. The early Nilotic, Libyan and Egyptian relations with Minoan Crete.
1927Mitchell, P. Chalmers. Logic & law in biology.
1927Hrdlicka, Ales. The Neanderthal phase of man.
1928Smith, Grafton Elliot. Conversion in science.
1929Nordenskiold, Erland. The American Indian as an inventor.
1930Sayce, A. H. The antiquity of civilized man.
1931Thilenius, Georg. On some biological view-points in ethnology.
1932Seligman, C. G. Anthropological perspective and psychological theory.
1933Armstrong, Henry Edward. Our need to honour Huxley's will.
1934Hjort, Johan. The restrictive law of population.
1934Stein, Aurel. The Indo-Iranian borderlands: their prehistory in the light of geography and of recent explorations.
1935Dale, Henry H. Viruses and heterogenesis. An old problem in a new form.
1935Smith, Grafton Elliot. The place of Thomas Henry Huxley in anthropology.
1936Edward Westermark. Methods in Social Anthropology.
1937Mauss, Marcel. Une categorie de l'esprit humain: la notion de personne, celle de"moi";un plan de travail.
1939Moir, J. Reid. The earliest men
1939Marett, R. R. Charity and the struggle for existence.
1941Breuil, Henri. The discovery of the antiquity of man; some of the evidence.
1942Woolley, Leonard. North Syria as a cultural link in the ancient world.
1943Bartlett, Frederic C. Anthropology in reconstruction.
1944Childe, V. Gordon. Archaeological ages as technological stages.
1945Kroeber, A. L. The ancient Oikoumene as an historic culture aggregate.
1946Thompson, Gertrude. The Aterian industry: its place and significance in the Palaeolithic world.
1947Duckworth, W. L. H. Some complexities of human structure.
1953Ginsberg, Morris. On the diversity of morals.
1954Vallois, H. V. Neanderthals and Praesapiens.
1955Redfield, Robert . Societies and cultures as natural systems.
1956Haldane, J. B. S. The argument from animals to men : an examination of its validity for anthropology.
1958Clark, Wilfrid E. Le Gros. Bones of contention; Colour and race.
1960Lothrop, Samuel. Early migration to Central and South America.
1961Mourant, A. E. Evolution, genetics, and anthropology.
1962Garrod, Dorothy. The Middle Palaeolithic of the Near East and the problem of Mount Carmel man.
1963Evans-Pritchard, E. The Zande State.
1964Koenigswald, G. H. R. von Early man: facts and fantasy.
1967Andrewes, C. H. Viruses and evolution.
1971George Peter. Anthropology's mythology.
1971Whitrow, G. J. ??



1.   THH Publications
2.   Victorian Commentary
3.   20th Century Commentary

1.   Letter Index
2.   Illustration Index

Gratitude and Permissions

C. Blinderman & D. Joyce
Clark University

§ 1. THH: His Mark
§ 2. Voyage of the Rattlesnake
§ 3. A Sort of Firm
§ 4. Darwin's Bulldog
§ 5. Hidden Bond: Evolution
§ 6. Frankensteinosaurus
§ 7. Bobbing Angels: Human Evolution
§ 8. Matter of Life: Protoplasm
§ 9. Medusa
§ 10. Liberal Education
§ 11. Scientific Education
§ 12. Unity in Diversity
§ 13. Agnosticism
§ 14. New Reformation
§ 15. Verbal Delusions: The Bible
§ 16. Miltonic Hypothesis: Genesis
§ 17. Extremely Wonderful Events: Resurrection and Demons
§ 18. Emancipation: Gender and Race
§ 19. Aryans et al.: Ethnology
§ 20. The Good of Mankind
§ 21.  Jungle Versus Garden